New light-weight aluminum-lithium alloys are considered for propellant tank and aerospace structural applications. These alloys require more precise control of the welding atmosphere. Atmospheric oxygen contamination must be eliminated by flooding both the front and back sides of the weldment with an inert gas. This gas must be maintained at a desired pressure and flow rate that does not effect the stability of the weld process. The objective of the prototype backside purge control system being developed by Nichols Research Corporation (NRC) is to monitor and regulate the backside purge process and to develop a purge chamber design that enhances process controllability. This project will be conducted in two phases. The objective of Phase 1 is to develop a purge technique concept based on an investigation into the backside purge process. Phase 2 is to evaluate the backside purge concept developed in Phase 1.